Quiche Lorraine

Quiche Lorraine on a plate with salad

Quiche Lorraine is a lesson in the power of simplicity and the importance of texture in great food. Restrained yet exuberantly luxe at the same time, (how do the French do it?) you can’t beat this classic quiche made with Gruyere cheese and bacon.

a quiche Lorraine with knife

Quiche Lorraine is the grand-mama of all quiches

And so the quiche Lorraine has a lot to teach us about this classic French dish that has become so popular here in the States since the 1850s.  Originally a one crust pie filled with a custard made from eggs, cream, and lardons (slab bacon) from the Lorraine region of France, tucked right up along the border with Germany. In fact Germany has its own version of the recipe: speckkuchen

What’s the difference between a quiche Lorraine and a regular quiche?

Quiche Lorraine is a traditional French/German recipe made with cream, milk and eggs, along with:

  • gruyere cheese 
  • onion or shallot
  • bacon or lardons 
  • nutmeg 

Typical quiche recipes include all sorts of add-ins like broccoli, ham, etc., as well as a variety of different cheeses.

quiche Lorraine in an earthenware pie dish

what makes a quiche Lorraine special?

I wondered that as I prepared to test this dish. On the surface it seems like an unusually simple, possibly even bland quiche, especially when compared with so many loaded examples we see on menus today. But making this recipe is a lesson in the power of simplicity and the importance of texture in great food.

This recipe is made with equal parts heavy cream and milk, making the filling quite rich. If you’re used to an all milk quiche, this one will dazzle you.

Bacon and shallots are the only add-ins. Bacon adds an intense smokey, buttery flavor, and shallots have just the most elegant onion flavor ever. 

Gruyere cheese (along with a little Parmesan) are aged cheeses that give the custard a distinctively Mediterranean flavor.

A sprinkle of freshly grated nutmeg is a subtle touch that takes this quiche over the top. If you don’t have fresh nutmeg, use this recipe as your excuse to get some, you’ll never look back.

The precise proportions of milk, cream, eggs, and cheese create a soft custard-like filling that is really lovely. Check out the photos above and below. You can see that melting texture (think of the difference between American and French scrambled eggs.)

 

a slice of quiche on a plate with salad

tips for making quiche Lorraine

Normally making quiche is pretty laissez faire; the proportions are loose and the ingredients can vary widely ~ in other words, there’s plenty of room for creativity. But for this classic recipe, we’re sticking to the script.

  1. Blind bake (or pre-bake) your crust on a high heat for 10 minutes. This will help insure that you won’t get a ‘soggy bottom’. An alternative method that works nicely if you don’t want to pre-bake is to preheat a baking pan in the oven, and when you’re ready to bake, put the quiche on the pan, pour in the filling, and bake. The extra boost of heat helps bake the bottom of the crust faster.
  2. Follow the amounts and proportions of milk and cream to eggs and cheese as this will give you the desired consistency in the baked pie.
  3. A deep dish pie plate and crust is needed for this recipe.
  4. Take the extra time to make a shortcrust pastry crust, I make it in my food processor in a matter of seconds and the tender flaky crust really sets off the quiche in the best way.
  5. Restrain yourself. I know you’re tempted to throw all sorts of extras into your quiche, but try it this way first. Next time, if you want to load it up with fridge leftovers, you have my blessing 🙂
  6. Bake the quiche just long enough so the sides are set and the center is still slightly wobbly. The center will puff up at the end of baking, indicating that it is done. The top will get quite browned.
  7. Let the quiche cool before slicing to allow the center to set up. The filling is a delicate custard and it is looser than standard American quiche fillings. A little cooling time helps it come together.

homemade shortcrust pastry crust for quiche

How to blind bake a pie crust

In case blind baking is new to to you, here’s the basics:

  • Arrange your pie dough in your pie plate and crimp the edges.
  • lay down a sheet of parchment paper or foil over the crust and fill with dried beans, rice, or special pie weights.
  • Partially or completely bake the crust as per your recipe.
  • Remove the crust from the oven and lift off the sheet of paper or foil, and remove the weights.

quiche Lorraine on a plate with a green salad on the side

what to serve with quiche

Quiche is one of the most versatile recipes out there because it’s appropriate for breakfast, brunch, lunch, and dinner. I think it works best with a salad or soup on the side, here are some suggestions:

Quiche Lorraine on a plate with salad
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4.41 from 5 votes

Quiche Lorraine

A quiche Lorraine is a lesson in the power of simplicity and the importance of texture in great food. Restrained yet exuberantly luxe at the same time, (how do the French do it?) you can't beat this classic quiche.
Course Main Course
Cuisine French
Prep Time 30 minutes
Cook Time 50 minutes
Total Time 1 hour 20 minutes
Yield 8 servings
Calories 538kcal
Author Sue Moran

Equipment

  • 9 inch deep dish pie plate

Ingredients

crust

  • 1 1/2 cups all purpose flour
  • 10 Tbsp cold unsalted butter, cut into pieces
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 1/4 cup plus 1 Tbsp cold water

filling

  • 6 slices bacon, cooked until crisp
  • 1 shallot, peeled and minced
  • 1 cup heavy cream
  • 1 cup whole milk
  • 4 large eggs, lightly beaten
  • 1 1/4 cup shredded Gruyere cheese
  • 1/4 cup shredded Parmesan cheese
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • 1/2 tsp fresh cracked black pepper
  • 1/4 tsp fresh grated nutmeg

Instructions

to make the crust

  • Preheat oven to 400F
  • Add the flour, butter, and salt to the bowl of a food processor and pulse until there are no large chunks of butter remaining (small pieces are fine)
  • Slowly add the cold water, continuing to pulse, until the dough comes together.
  • On a lightly floured surface, roll the dough out into a circle large enough to fit into your pie plate with a little bit hanging over the sides. Gently place the dough into your pie plate.
    rolling out pie dough
  • Trim off any excess dough, and pinch the top all the way around.
    crimped pie dough
  • Place a piece of parchment paper at the bottom of the pie plate, over the pie crust, and fill with dried beans, rice, or pie weights. Blind bake for 10 minutes, and set the crust aside while you prepare the quiche filling. Remove the beans or pie weights.
    pie dough with pie weights

to make the filling

  • Turn down the oven to 375F
  • Blend together the cream, milk, and eggs. Whisk gently, you're not looking to beat in air. Season with salt, pepper, and nutmeg. Set aside.
    making quiche batter
  • Crumble the bacon and scatter it over the bottom of the blind baked crust, along with the shallots.
    crumbled bacon in pie dough
  • Combine the two cheeses and sprinkle evenly over the bacon and shallots.
    cheese in quiche dough
  • Set the pie plate on a baking sheet and pour the custard mixture into the crust. You will likley fill your crust completely. Don't overflow your crust, but fill it to the top.
    unbaked quiche
  • Carefully slide your baking sheet into the oven and bake for about 50 minutes. The quiche will be golden on top, and set around the sides. It may still wobble a bit in the center, that's ok. Note: this timing is assuming your oven is accurate and you used a deep dish 9 inch pie plate. Any variations will alter the baking time.
    baked quiche Lorraine
  • Let the quiche cool down before slicing. This will allow the filling to set up.

notes and variations

  • Expect the texture of this quiche to be silky like a loose custard, especially in the center. It will be softer than typical American quiches. 
  • Don't let the homemade crust scare you away from this recipe. By all means use a readymade refrigerated or frozen crust for convenience.
  • You can substitute half and half for the milk and cream mixture.
  • To make the quiche ahead, bake and let cool completely. Then wrap in plastic and refrigerated until needed. It will last a couple of days.
  • To freeze the quiche, bake and let cool completely. Wrap in plastic, and then in foil.  It's best when eaten within a couple of months.
  • To thaw and reheat: put the quiche in the refrigerator overnight. To re-warm, put in a low 325F oven until heated through. This might take 30 minutes or so.

Nutrition

Calories: 538kcal | Carbohydrates: 21g | Protein: 17g | Fat: 43g | Saturated Fat: 24g | Trans Fat: 1g | Cholesterol: 211mg | Sodium: 725mg | Potassium: 192mg | Fiber: 1g | Sugar: 2g | Vitamin A: 1289IU | Vitamin C: 1mg | Calcium: 321mg | Iron: 2mg
The nutritional information for recipes on this site is provided as a courtesy and although theviewfromgreatisland.com tries to provide accurate nutritional information, these figures are only estimates.

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14 Comments

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    Please rate this recipe!




  • Reply
    Carolyn Kotler
    April 23, 2021 at 9:29 am

    4 stars
    Loved the recipe but next time would make a few changes. The dough was great in the food processor, but I would add only 1/2 tsp. salt. I rolled out great. You definitely need a deep dish pie plate to hold all the liquid and ingredients. I would use a thicker cut bacon next time and cook it medium, not crisp, and then dice it up. It did puff up beautifully and can’t wait to make it again. Loved the velvety soft custard texture. Check your oven and keep close eye on the quiche. Mine was perfect in 35 minutes!

    • Reply
      Carolyn Kotler
      April 29, 2021 at 7:18 am

      4 stars
      One more thing. When using pie weight for the blind bake, fill not on
      Y the bottom, but make sure you have enough to go up the sides of the parchment as the sides will puff up when baking, and the weights keep the sides down.

  • Reply
    Alicia
    April 19, 2021 at 6:47 am

    5 stars
    Baked this for dinner last night. Delicious! The custard is silky. Came out of the oven looking just like your picture. 50 minutes was exactly the right amount of time. Hubby had seconds so you know it was good! Thanks for another great recipe!

    • Reply
      Sue Moran
      April 19, 2021 at 6:53 am

      Thanks Alicia, I’m always happy when the recipes come out just like the photos!

  • Reply
    Irish Chef
    April 18, 2021 at 12:26 pm

    4 stars
    How nice to see a revival of the classic quiche, Sue… thumbs up to you. And the prebaking of the shell is imperative. (Have you ever used a vented tarte pan for an even crispier crust? I love mine – I think they are also sold as deep pizza pans.) I aways heat my milk/cream/half&half then cool before adding the eggs & putting it into the pre-baked shell……it bakes faster. Best wishes for your Spring 2021.

    • Reply
      Sue Moran
      April 19, 2021 at 7:26 am

      I haven’t used a vented tart pan, I’ll definitely look that up today, sounds like a smart idea. Love the tips, thanks!!

  • Reply
    Michelle Rondeau
    April 17, 2021 at 7:11 am

    Sue, do we cook the filling at 400 degrees? Surely not, but I can’t see where you said to adjust the oven temp after baking the crust.
    Thanks, I can’t wait to try this recipe!

    • Reply
      Sue Moran
      April 17, 2021 at 7:21 am

      Thanks for catching that Michelle, you’ll turn the oven down to 375F after blind baking the crust.

  • Reply
    Cary
    April 16, 2021 at 6:48 am

    Hi sue , I agree with Carolyn, I also use gram weight when possible. The ease of adding ingredients without using measuring cups makes preparing any recipe a joy. No more sink full of dishes.

    • Reply
      Sue Moran
      April 16, 2021 at 6:50 am

      Ok, I’ll switch that up, thanks for the feedback!

  • Reply
    Carolyn Kotler
    April 16, 2021 at 5:38 am

    Sue, I was wondering if when using the metric system, which I prefer, you could list the water amount in grams, rather than ml? Thanks.
    Carolyn

    • Reply
      Sue Moran
      April 16, 2021 at 7:17 am

      Done 🙂

      • Reply
        Carolyn Kotler
        April 21, 2021 at 12:05 pm

        Thanks Sue. Love your blog! Making the quiche tomorrow. Made the crust in the food processor today and it came out beautifully. Perfect when I rolled out and no cracking. Not to dry nor too wet!!

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